The poem begins with a naturalistic scene, clearly within the Romantic tradition established by William Wordsworth. From its initial visual images, the first stanza and the subsequent two stanzas move toward the dominance of auditory images.

The shift is justified by the obviously limited opportunity to see, even with moonlight, but also by the strong impact of the waves breaking on the beach. What will be the effect of the melancholy poetic statement on that listener? This is Romantic love at its most radical. Without love between a man and a woman, the world is as confusing—and as lethal—as a night battle, fraught with friendly fire.

In a sense, Arnold is announcing the big question for the modern world, intent on forcing love to bear the enormous weight of providing human lives with meaning: If love is all humans have, what do they do when they cannot find love, or keep it? It is a question that resonates through the novels, too, of Ernest Hemingway, such as in his A Farewell to Arms , or in the contexts of wedding receptions, where some have to suppress the depressing thought, will this be one of every two marriages that end in divorce? He puts for the idea that the root cause of the miseries of men in the modern world is lack of faith.

This is an idea prevalent in both the prose and verse of Arnold. The idea is expressed in the form of a beautiful metaphor.

Humanity is presented as a sea-shore, faith as the sea. In the past ages, the heart of man was full of faith like a beach covered with sea-water at the time of the flow of the tide. Today the human heart is dry, like a beach at ebb-tide. Only the dry and soulless religious formulas, ceremonies and practices remain in it like pebbles on sea beach.

This metaphor is sustained throughout the later part of the poem, except in the last three lines, where modern life is presented as a dark plain where a mad battle is on. The metaphor of the sea emerges naturally out of the poem in gradual degrees. Nothing is forced. The poem has all the suggestiveness associated with great poetry.

Apart from the idea that this poem puts forth, it is remarkable for the beautiful and effective picture of Dover Beach presented in it. With a few touches, the poet succeeds in presenting a picture of great beauty vivid and clear.

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The sound of the waves beating against the shore is also beautifully captured. The poem has sad music about it sad like the slow, mournful beat of the waves described in it. All things considered, it is one of the most beautiful poems in the language — simple and suggestive weighed with a heavy sweetness, yet restrained in expression as well as the sentiment. Tatke makes the following comment on this poem- then heightens the meaning in the next eight lines by using the images to express the last journey which everyone must make, so does Arnold in this poem build a beautiful picture of the calm sea and the moon-blanched shore and makes us aware of the fact that though from the distance the picture is so calm and peaceful yet those who live near enough always hear the grating roar of pebbles and the eternal note of sadness and then deepens the meaning by giving it a philosophic content.

The transition to philosophic meditation comes in the second stanza. The fourth stanza is an appeal to a beloved woman to be true to each other for that alone can sustain them in this land of dreams whose reality is very different from its appearance. The poem successfully expresses the fascination and the need Arnold felt for a positive faith and the reluctance with which he must accept the painful, unavoidable reality.

Note the perfect picture of the age with all its complexity in the last three lines of the poem —. His poems are marked by a restraint and, a conscious control.

Dover Beach By Matthew Arnold: Summary, Critical Analysis, Questions and Theme | Smart eNotes

Neither excessively musical nor deliberately rugged the expression diction, imagery, rhythm — is marked by a perfect clearness, competence, and precision. He is far too meditative a poet to be lyrical. His best poetry is reflective, always burdened by thoughts of the predicament of his generation. It is one of his most characteristic poems too.

When we analyse the epithets used in the poem, we find that Arnold does not use colour epithets anywhere in this poem. Even in the first stanza where he describes the landscape, no colour epithet is used. But this deficiency does not in any way mar the literary merit of the poem. Arnold describes the landscape in a way that the reader is easily able to visualize the landscape and its varied colour.

Another way in which he makes up the deficiency of colour epithets is by making us hear the sound of the waves striking the shore and then returning. He says:. What do you appreciate in this poem? Answer: We appreciate the clarity of expression gravity, dignity of thought, proportion, and harmony. When was the poem published?

Dover Beach

Answer: The poem was published in What does the poet express in the poem? Answer: The poet has expressed pessimism in the poem. What classic reference does the poem display? Answer: Even the Greek poet Sophocles classic sang it. What great lectures did the people of old age have? Answer: They had faith and love for each other. What is the poet reminded of in the poem Dover Beach? Answer: The poet recalls the old age of faith and leaves by the ebb and flow of the sea which the modern man does not have. Matthew Arnold succeeded in beautifying the word of poet "Dover Beach" by combining several metaphor, metaphor, metaphor, rhyme, poor mistake, hint, anaphoric expression.

Here I will try to find various speech of poet Dover beach.

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Let's see the poet device of Dover Beach. This is a metaphor suggesting a comparison between two different things, but it is not clearly stated. In this verse faith is compared with the ocean. Here, the climax is compared with the immortal beliefs that people have in God and religion, and the spiritual and religious beliefs about the retreat and collapse of the waves.

When I read the title, the analysis of Dover beach at Dover beach caught my attention. Since I like the beach very much, I feel connected to the speaker when he or she stands on the cliffs of Dover, watches the sea and reflects on life.


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Arnold succeeded in capturing the mysterious beauty of the sea. Because it reflects the existence of human beings and the struggle of life. The mood of the speaker changed dramatically through poetry, the mood of the sea changed. Irregular and disorderly rhymes represent these discordant emotions and struggles. We humans are hard to deal with. From long ago we have tried to understand the existence which can not be understood fundamentally.

A certain degree of success has been achieved; in this struggle science, philosophy, love and religion have been forged and used occasionally to provide true light. The problem is that they are all final, but in the absolute world there may be the only human rally that can truly answer the most important question in life: poetry.

The figurative, symbols, hints, number of techniques, and how to use the images helps talkers think about what they are seeing and the real things. Dover beach was written in the Victorian era. This brings civilization based on industry, value and money. It is this time that people begin to doubt the existence of God.

The lecturer observed the plight of the Victorian era. I have a history of almost years each other. This article explores the issues and ideas shared by the two poems and reminds people of some important differences. Dover beach is located in the United Kingdom near the east coast of France. It is also the background and title of poetry written by a highly educated person, Matthew Arnold, known as the first modern poetry reputation. According to the literary encyclopedia article, Arnold is a very spiritual person, but argues that poetry is better than philosophy, science and religion.